Oriental Rugs Glossary
Babur: The babur nama gives a view of the life of a nomadic Central Asian horseman driven from his ancestral lands by the emergent uzbeks to found the Moghul dynasty in N India.
Barkan: name, given in uzbekistan to a palas made of the black thread.
Braided Rugs: These are rugs made from heavy strips of new or used yarn or fabric which have been braided into thick ropes and are then sewn dide-to-side in spirals, ovals, round and oblongs to create a reversible rugs.
Bactria: historical Central Asian dynasty.
Bakhtiari: A nomadic group in southern Persia migrating between the central Zagros mountains and the low-lying areas around Ahvaz; in common with the Lurs they speak a Persian dialect with archaic features. They are also settled in numerous villages in a wide area east of the mountains around Shahr Kord, know as the Chahar Mahal.
Baff: Knot in Persian.
Bakhshaish: A village in the Iranian Azerbaijan which is southwest of Heriz. The area is mostly known for its late 19th century carpet production which includes large room size rugs with either the Herati or central medallion patterns. Bakhshaish Rugs frequently resemble antique Herizes in design and technique.
Baku: Caspian Sea Port.
Balkh: N Afghan ruin of importance.
Behbehan: Luri center between Shiraz and Ahwaz.
Baluch: (Also Balouch, Beluch, Balooch) Known for the distinctive black-tents made of goats hair, the Belouch are a nomadic group inhabiting eastern Iran, western Pakistan and Southern Afghanistan. They speak a language related to Persian. Their weavings have a uniquely archaic look although some confusion reigns over the distinction between them and the weavings of the Aimaq and Timuri tribes of eastern Afghanistan.
Benares: India famous brocades.
Bergama: West Anatolian antic city with a strong weaving tradition.
Beshir: Place and generic name for colourful turkoman weaving.
Beshek: Bedding bag.
Besh Keshta: the ornament in thick woven carpet of elongated form, which was used for inner and outer decoration of the Kirghiz yurts.
Beysehir: Anatolian town, famous for it's great antique rugs discovered at the Seljuk built mosque.
Bhadohi: North Indian 20th century weaving town.
Bibibaff: Name for a rug "woven by a respected grannies".
Birjand: East Iran centre for both floral and tribal weaving.
Bijar: An important center of rug production in northwest Iran which is inhabited by a Kurdish population. Antique Bidjar rugs which were woven on wool foundation had three wefts between every row of knots. This made the rugs extremely heavy, stiff and almost impossible to fold. Contemporary Bidjar rugs are usually double wefted and are woven on a cotton foundation.
Border: A design that surrounds the field in an oriental rug. The border usually includes a wide band of repeating design called the main border.
Bordjalu: Georgian style of Kazakh and a type of sombre Kurdish rug.
Boteh: A pear-shaped figure often used in oriental rug designs, characteristic of the paisley pattern. The boteh may represent a leaf, bush or a pinecone.
Bokche: Small envelope-like bags woven in one piece with the four sides forming four triangular shaped flaps.
Broken Border Design : When border designs cross over the line and enter the field (or vice versa) this is referred to as a broken border pattern. It looks as though the motif is not confined to its intended position on the rug. Frequently a broken border design is found on Chinese rugs, Persian Kermans and other weavings with a French tradition.
Boteh: A very common paisley-like motif which probably represents a leaf. Various styles and designs of the boteh are found throughout the orient, for example in Afshar rug. Frequently botehs are found to decorate the entire field as a repetitive all over pattern. It is thought that the design originated in Kashmir.
Bukhara: (Bokhara) 1- For centuries a center of Muslim learning and spirituality, and the principal trading point for Turkmen tribal carpets; many Turkman carpets as a result have erroneously been called "Bukhara". 2- The trade name for inexpensive and uninspired, fake rugs woven in Pakistan with Turkmen designs.
Badam: literal translation from all of the Turkic based languages including Uzbek, Turkmen, Farsi 'almond', refers to a pattern seen more often in Ersari weavings used as a border motif.
Bashtyk: Kirghiz storage bag, may be either pile or an embroidered textile.