Oriental Rugs Glossary
Fabricated (Inlaid) Rugs: Tufted broadloom rug is cut and inlaid on a patterned form to create a customized rug.
Faux Silk: "False silk" is usually a synthetic, such as polyester, or cellulose fiber such as viscose/rayon. Mercerized cotton is also used as a silk look-alike. Also called art silk, faux silk is usually used as small accents or in a short, dense pile constructions.
Fur Rugs : There's nothing quite like natural fur rugs for adding elegance, style, comfort and warmth to your home. Professional interior designers all rely on fur rugs for adding special accents to rooms and creating an atmosphere of opulence without the opulent price tag! Today's interiors are returning to a more romantic and more natural time.
Fuschine : A magenta aniline dye discovered in about 1859. This dye fades when exposed to light.
Fars: A large region in southwestern Iran which is famous for high quality tribal weavings. Important tribes include the Qashqai, Khamseh, Lurs and Afshar. The main city in the region is Shiraz. Most nomadic rugs from this region are woven on wool foundation and produced on horizontal village looms.
Field: The part of a rug's design surrounded by the border. The field may be blank or contain medallions or an over-all pattern.
Ferahan carpets: An area north of the city of Arak in western Iran. The region is known for finely knotted late 19th century rugs with designs such as Herati, Mina Khani or Gol Hinnai. Most rugs have cotton foundation with wefts dyed in either blue or pink. Green color is commonly used.
Flat Weave rugs: Weaving in which no knots are used. The weft strands are simply passed through the warp strands. For example a Kilim, Cicim or Soumac it is flat weave rugs.
Foundation: The warp and weft is the basis/foundation of a rug.
Fringe: Warps extending from the ends of a rug which are treated in several ways to prevent the wefts and knots from unravelling.