Oriental Rugs Glossary
Gabbeh: A Lori word to describe fairly coarse, long-piled rugs made by nomads of the central Zagros Mountains for use in the tent. They are decorated with bold abstract patters or nave designs and used to be considered too crude to be worth trading but recently their artistic value has been recognized.
Garden Design: Panel designs throughout the field woven with floral motifs, particularly found in a Persian Bahktiari.
Genje: A town in the Caucasus famous for 19th long rugs (mostly 3ft or 4ft by 9ft or 10ft) depicting diagonal and colorful bars throughout the field.
Gerus: Bijar rugs design.
Germetch (germetsh): Small pile weaving, narrow and rectangular in shape, suspended in the tent-entrance on a rod about 25cm. above the ground to keep out dirt and animals. Visually, such weavings are indistinguishable from torbas and according to Azadi in turkmen carpets, only four examples are known.
Gol (Gul): Flower, rose, a name etc.
Gilem: Kilim on Uighur and Kitghiz language.
Gordes (Ghiordes): West Anatolian town classical prayer rugs.
Gorevan: A town in northwest Iran in the vicinity of Heriz. In the trade, Gorevan is used to denote a grade of Heriz rugs which have a coarse weave with a Heriz design.
Ground: Background color which sets off the principle design motif of the rug.
Ghiordes: A town in western Turkey in which many small (usually 3x5ft) prayer rugs were woven. Knot densities are between 100-200 per square " Typical designs depict small geometric and pointed mihrab surrounded by three or more borders.
Gul: A medallion either octagonal or angular in shape, used in Turkoman designs. It is often repeated to form an all-over pattern in the field.
Gul: A term of disputed origin and significance. Perhaps it is a crude transliteration of the word for flower (Persian) or roundel (Turkish). In practice it is used to describe the discrete ornaments arranged in an endless repeat pattern used by Turkmen weavers to decorate their carpets, bags and other weavings. It is possible to say that each tribe had its own weaving style in which certain colors and guls were used in easily recognizable combinations.
Gajari: (Uzbek, Turkmen, Kirghiz) type of warp faced flat weave technique with the pattern only on one side a loose warps on the back.
Gilam: also kilim, kelim, a flatwoven rug.