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Oriental Rugs Glossary

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Hadith: the Islamic traditions.

Hamadan: A Kurdish populated city and region in northwest Iran which is famous for its oriental rugs production. Rugs from hundreds of surrounding villages may be termed Hamadan. Hamadan rugs are woven in many sizes, are single wefted, woven on cotton foundation and are mostly made for export. The symmetrical knot is mostly used and knot count is usually between 40 to 100 per square " Each village has it's own specific design elements.

Hand Hooked (Hand Tufted): Rug-making process by which craftsmen insert yarn into a backing with a hand held single-needle tufting tool. The machine is often called a "gun." The rugs pattern is stenciled on primary backing material. After the tufting is complete, a backing is attached to protect and anchor the stitches.

Hand Knotted Rugs: Oriental Rugs made by weavers who knot pile yarns around the warp fibers that run the length of the rug. Generally, the more knots per square inch, the more valuable the hand knotted rugs.

Hand: Tactile qualities of a fabric including softness, stiffness, rough, scratchy, etc.

Hand-made: Constructed by hand. The category can include hand knotted rugs, hand tufted rugs, hand hooked rugs, Needlepoint, Aubusson and hand loomed rugs.

Harshang: Popular 18thC Caucasian rug design.

Hatchli: A design found in Turkish rugs.

Hazara: Personable ethnic group of Central Afghanistan.

Heatset: Twisted yarns are treated with heat to retain their "permanent wave" for better performance and appearance retention.

Herat: W Afghan centre and state of mind. often art capital of Central Asia.

Herati: A very common repeated field design which consists of a flower centered in a diamond with curving leaves located outside the diamond and parallel to each side. The term can be also referred to "Mahi" - a fish design in Farsi.

Hereke: A western Turkish town known for very finely woven silk Hereke rugs having designs of classic Persian motifs, curvilinear Ghiordes prayer rugs, and frequently include border inscriptions.Hereke rugs may have knot densities of up to 800 per square " silk is frequently used in these weavings.

Heriz: One of the most famous centers for oriental rugs production. The city is located in northwest Iran about forty miles west of Tabriz. Although a low knot count of about 30-80 is commonly used, these types of hand knotted rugs are some of the most sought after in all of oriental rug weavings. Sizes are usually large and depict a dominating squarish medallion having pendants attached on both ends. Heriz carpets are double wefted, woven on cotton foundation and use the symmetrical knot.

Holbein: Dutch painter's name attached to a type of Anatolian carpet design and group.

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