Oriental Rugs Glossary
Loom: The basic frame used for weaving. Two horizontal beams are used to tie the vertical warps and hold them tightly in place. Looms can be either horizontal or vertical. Horizontal looms are small, used for nomadic weavings and can be folded in order to be transported on an animal such as a donkey, horse or camel. Vertical looms are used for weavings of large rugs and are stationary. Three or more people can sit side by side and work simultaneously.
Ladik: A famous Turkish rug production center as early as the 18th century. Ladik is most known for small prayer rugs with triple arch mihrabs, stepped mihrabs, or two column mihrabs. Main colors are red and blue and the foundation is made of wool.
Lahore: A city in northern Pakistan which currently produces Turkoman design rugs, Chubi rugs. During the 17th century Lahore was a major rug weaving center for the British East India Company. In the 19th century prisoners in jails were the ones weaving carpets for export.
Lavar (Ravar): A village north of Kerman known for very finely knotted Kerman rugs. The name of the village is actually Ravar so these types of Kermans should actually be termed Ravar Kermans as opposed to Lavar Kermans.
Lenkoran: A Caucasus town on the Caspian sea which has a medallion named after the city. The medallion resembles a geometric crab with two or four arms. The medallion has been used commonly on Kazaks, Karabaghs and Talishes.
Lesghi Star: A prominent design in Caucasian Rugs which depicts an eight pointed star with four radiating arrows. It is found most frequently on rugs from Dagestan.
Lilihan: A town south of Arak in western Iran which is known for rugs similar in design to Sarouks. Like Sarouks, many Lilihans were exported to the United States in the 1920s and 1930s and were painted with a burgundy colored background. Lilihans are single wefted and are woven on a cotton foundation using an asymmetrical knot.
Luri (Lori): A tribe of black-tent nomads and settled villagers, long established in the northern and central Zagros mountains of south Persia, politically and linguistically linked to the Bahktiari. They make interesting piled rugs and flat weavings.