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Oriental Rugs Glossary

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Tamgas: Nomadic livestock brand which may also be a tribal emblem woven into rugs.

Talim(Persian): A written description of the numbers of pile knots and their colors to create a specific design. Used in the production of factory rugs.

Tapestry weave: Any one of a variety of weaves in which there are no supplementary wefts and the pattern or design is created by ground wefts that are not continuous from selvage to selvage.

Tapestry yarn: A 4-ply, hard-spun yarn.

Tiger Rugs: A large group of Tibetan rugs which depict tigers. They were mostly sought after by Tibetan nobles and officials.

Tabriz: A city in northwestern Iran which has a major weaving tradition dating to the 15th century. It was at this time that weavers from Tabriz introduced the curvilinear designs to the courts at Istanbul. After a decline of a few hundred years, Tabriz began re-establishing its position in the mid 19th century as the market center for the export of Persian Rugs to the west. Tabriz weavers have a reputation of copying designs from other areas of Iran and therefore the best way to establish the true origin of a Tabriz is by examining the rug's structure. Tabriz rugs are double wefted, Turkish knot is dominant, warps and wefts are of cotton and are mostly undyed (at times however, wefts may be either pale blue or light gray). Many designs are used and include medallions, hunting patterns, prayer and pictorial rugs. Some superb silk Tabriz rugs were woven during the late 19th century.

Talish: A southeast Caucasian region known for 19th rugs with long formats and empty fields. Color of fields is usually red, blue or green. Symmetrical knots were used with a foundation of wool, or wool warps with cotton wefts.

Teheran: Modern day capital of Iran and a major market forPersian rugs. Floral and pictorial rugs are woven using asymmetrical knots on cotton foundation.

Tapestry Weave: Any variety of weaves where the pattern is created by ground wefts that do not run from end to end.

Tainaktsha: Large shaped horse blanket, examples of which can be either piled or flat-woven. Many Soviet writers also describe a salatshak as a horse or saddle cover.

Tekke: The dominant Turkmen tribe in the second half of the nineteenth century, makers of a great variety of refined weavings. Their carpets, eagerly collected by Europeans, were baptized 'Royal Bukhara' by merchants wishing to enhance their appeal. We have Tekke rugs for sale.

Tibetian Knot: A distinctive rug-weaving technique now used in other regions as well as in Tibet. A temporary rod, which establishes the length of pile, is put in front of the warp. A continuous yarn is looped around two warps and then once around the rod. When a row of loops is finished, then the loops are cut to create the pile. This method produces a slightly ridged surface.

Tibetan Rugs: There's a long tradition of rug production in Tibet with some pieces woven as early as the 1700's. Rugs from this area have been mostly influenced by those of China and Eastern Turkestan. Traditional designs include folk motifs, checkerboard designs, and tiger motifs. Colors on Tibetan rugs have been associated with their functions. Orange and Gold for religious ceremonies. Maroon rugs are used mainly for floor coverings in monasteries. Tiger skins were prized by people in power and represent badges of authority. Old Tibetan rugs are all wool and are woven with the Tibetan knotting technique which resembles a continuous knotting system - looping around warps forward and backward. After the Chinese control in 1959, many Tibetans fled to neighboring India, Nepal and Bhutan and presently continue the art of weaving in exile.

Tianjin: A port and industrial city in northwest China. Rug production began around 1910 with factories built for exporting rugs to the United States and Europe. Traditional Chinese rugs with open fields as well as copies of Aubussons Savonneries rugs were woven in Tianjin.

Tiger Rugs: A large group of Tibetan rugs which depict tigers. They were mostly sought after by Tibetan nobles and officials.

Tone-on-Tone: Two or more shades of the same hue achieved by combining two ends of different shades, two different yarns of the same color or cut pile and looped pile of the same color.

Torba: A long rectangular Turkmen bag having a pile weave only on one side of the face. Torbas are hang from a tent and serve as temporary storage spaces.

Transitional: A broad style category that falls between traditional and contemporary. Many floral patterns are included in this category.

Turkish Knot: Tied around two adjacent warp threads.

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